Wool is a versatile and durable material that has been used for clothing and textiles for centuries. When it comes to wool yarn, there are a variety of different classifications that can impact the quality and performance of the final product. One important factor to consider is the "super" rating, which refers to the fineness of the wool fibers used.
Super 100s to super 200s are classifications used to describe the quality of wool yarn. The rating refers to the number of hanks (lengths of yarn) that can be spun from one pound of wool. The higher the number, the finer the wool and the more hanks that can be spun from one pound of wool.
Super 100s wool is a high-quality wool that is considered a luxury fabric. This yarn is made from fine wool fibers that are typically less than 19.5 microns in diameter. The resulting fabric is soft, lightweight, and has a subtle sheen. Super 100s wool is commonly used for high-end suits, blazers, and dress pants.
Super 120s wool is even finer than Super 100s wool. It is made from wool fibers that are typically less than 18.5 microns in diameter. The resulting fabric is even softer and smoother than Super 100s wool and has a luxurious drape. Super 120s wool is often used for high-quality suits and formalwear.
Super 140s wool is finer still, made from wool fibers that are typically less than 17.5 microns in diameter. The resulting fabric is incredibly soft and lightweight, with a smooth texture and excellent drape. Super 140s wool is commonly used for high-end suits, dress pants, and sport coats.
Super 160s, Super 180s, Super 200s, and beyond are even finer and more luxurious than Super 140s wool. These yarns are made from the finest wool fibers available, typically less than 16 microns in diameter. The resulting fabrics are incredibly soft, smooth, and lightweight, with a delicate sheen. These ultra-fine yarns are commonly used for bespoke suits and high-end formalwear.
In addition to the super rating, wool yarn can also be classified by its ply. Single ply yarns are made from a single strand of yarn, while two-ply yarns are made from two strands twisted together. Two-ply yarns are generally more durable and less prone to pilling than single ply yarns.
When choosing wool yarn for a project, it's important to consider the intended use of the final product. Super 100s to Super 200s wool is generally more expensive than coarser wool yarns, but the resulting fabrics are incredibly luxurious and long-lasting. For special occasions or formalwear, investing in high-quality wool yarn can make all the difference in the final product.